As hair restoration surgery is the most substantial answer to cover up bald zones, or receding hair lines, but many times it is not ideal or accessible to certain individuals. Scalp Micro Pigmentation is quite new and unique, and a sensational hair grooming procedure that offers an alternate solution for baldness coverage.
Scalp Micro Pigmentation is clinical scalp tattooing procedure that enables covering up bald patches and scalp scars by creating a replication of close shaved hair with specially designed clinical ink, or pigments. This procedure is an option for those with advanced stages of baldness and insufficient donor reserve for successful hair restoration, or just doesn’t want to have surgery. This procedure is also widely used to camouflage linear scars or any caused by previously performed hair transplant, or patchy hair loss caused by scarring alopecia.
SMP is a needle procedure performed under topical local anaesthetic and optional oral sedatives if patients prefer so. It spans 1-3 hours depending on the extent of coverage targeted.
SMP procedure looks similar to normal tattooing but is different by many means that it requires clinical involvement and proper techniques to create the most identical hair follicular replication. It demands artistic skills in the performer, but the creativity is underlined by the precision of hair anatomy, natural angles of hair follicle, the selection of right candidates, and it is very important to have the perfect insertion and application of the ink to achieve most pleasing results.
The pigments disperse into the skin and the hues change with time, giving it a stubble appearance in the surface. Careful selection of the pigment shade is important to merge with the existing surrounding hairs and create most convincing illusions of a hair density. The changing hues and the changes in the hair density and look, such as further hair loss or graying often requires secondary session for correction.
SMP and Hair Transplantation
This procedure is often a viable accomplice with hair transplantation, especially with FUT strip excision and the resultant linear scar in the donor area, and if the patients have a reduced density to cover up for the scar the pigments offer a feasible concealment. This is also an option for scarring alopecia patients, with alopecia areata, or patchy baldness such as in lichen planus for which hair transplant surgery does not offer much potential.
Scalp Micropigmentation before Hair Transplant
Scalp Micropigmentation is widely chosen by men and women at an early stage of hair loss to conceal receding hair lines, while being advised by surgeons to postpone their hair restoration plans until their hair loss patterns stabilise.
The pigmented scalp does not obstruct with future hair transplant surgery. However it is very important that the pigment blends well with the new hair grafts, and does not stand out.
The pigment hues change overtime and hair loss spreads beyond the pigmented zones, it requires recurrent sessions to cover up further bald patches that recede beyond the inked zones displaying a dual colour on the scalp. Patients that plan to have a hair transplant surgery in future, can chose to remove the ink.
SMP after Hair Transplant
SMP is widely used to conceal any small spots of low hair density, or scarring and with careful placement of the pigment aesthetically makes the transplanted areas look denser with hair.